King Robert the Bruce of Scotland
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GENEALOGY OF ROBERT BRUCE AND JOHN BALLIOL
ROBERT THE BRUCE, was the grandson of the Robert Bruce who tried to get
the throne after the death of Alexander 111. He was descended from
the great King David 1, since he was the great-grandson of Isabel, the
daughter of the Earl of Huntingdon who in turn was the grandson of David
1. See below for more details of the line of succession. Also, read
about the last remains of this great king.
JOHN BALLIOL, who had the unflattering nickname "Toom Tabard" meaning empty
coat, ruled for less than 4
years (1292 -1296). Regarded as a 'useless king', he was the great-grandson of David, Earl of Huntingdon, who
in turn was the grandson of King David 1 of Scotland (1124 - 1153). He
tried to stand up to the English, but he was not able to unite his people,
so the war was easily won by England. Scottish nobles owned lands in both
Scotland and England, and were divided in their loyalties to such and
extent that now they fought on one side, now on the other. His
reign ended in disgrace when he submitted himself as a vassal to a
representative of Edward 1 of England. Dressed in only a shirt and
underpants he handed over a white wand signifying the surrender of the
kingdom of Scotland to the English King. After three years in an English
prison, he was allowed to travel to France. In his baggage was found the
royal crown and seal of Scotland, as well as money and gold cups.
After John Balliol's disgraceful
submission and loss of his crown in 1296, Robert Bruce asked Edward to make him
king, as he was next in succession. But Edward turned to him sharply and
said "Do you think I have nothing to do but to conquer kingdoms for you?"
To show that Scotland was no longer to be an independent kingdom, Edward
removed the Stone of Destiny, on which the Scottish kings were crowned, be
taken to England, and all the papers and documents that might prove
Scotland's independence. Last, he made those who had land in Scotland sign
their names in a list to show that they recognised him as their king. If
they refused their lands were confiscated.
This list of names is called "The Ragman's Roll" and still exists. It has
about 2000 names, including Robert Bruce. Edward thought he had subdued
Scotland. But he was mistaken, for he had not been back in England long
when William Wallace stepped into the arena to fight for Scotland.
The Stuart Kings were descended from King Robert the Bruce directly,
and so too are the present Royal Family, who are descended from the
daughter of King James V1 of Scotland (James 1 of England).
Here is a list of Kings (and one Queen) of Scotland in the period
leading up to King Robert the Bruce.
- Duncan 1 (1034 - 1040)
- Macbeth (1040 - 1057)
- Malcolm 111, (Canmore), son of Duncan 1 (1057 - 1093)
- Donald Bane, second son of Duncan 1 (1093 - 1094)
- Duncan 11, son of Malcolm Canmore, (1094 -1094)
- Donald Bane, second reign (1094 - 1097)
- Edgar, son of Malcolm Canmore, (1097 - 1107)
- Alexander 1, brother of Edgar and son of Malcolm Canmore (1107 - 1124)
- David 1, brother of Edgar and Alexander and son of Malcolm Canmore(1124 - 1153)
- Malcolm 1V, grandson of Davd 1 (1153 - 1165)
- William the Lion, brother of Malcolm 1V (1165 - 1214)
- Alexander 11, son of William the Lion (1214 - 1249)
- Alexander 111, son Alexander 11 (1249 - 1286)
- Margaret, Maid of Norway (1286 - 1290)
- First Interregnum, English occupation of Scotland (1290 - 1292)
- John Balliol, descendant of David 1 (1292 - 1296)
- Second Interregnum, English occupation of Scotland (1296 - 1306)
- Robert 1, the Bruce, descendant of David 1 (1306 - 1329)
The present clan chief of the Bruces is The Rt Hon Earl of Elgin and Kincardine.
According to Who's Who the Earl's full name is Andrew Douglas
Alexander Thomas Bruce. He's the 37th Chief of the Name of Bruce,
the 11th Earl of Elgin (created 1633) and the 15th Earl of
Kincardine (created 1647). Date of birth 17 February 1924, which makes
him 75. He has 3 sons and 2 daughters.
His address is Broomhall, Dunfermline , Scotland KY11 3DV.
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